“The main key point here is that you can’t differentiate much between Zanu-PF and the MDC, however the point of condensation is the environment in which the election is going to take place, because both parties are speaking to issues of job creation, speaking to the issues of on improving the conditions of the general public.” Webster Zambara, a senior project leader for Southern Africa at the Institute for Justice and Reconciliation told CNBC Africa.
Zimbabwe has been sternly run by Robert Mugabe for the past 33 years and he has no plans of stepping down.
At the launch of his party’s campaign last week, Mugabe predicted a 90 percent poll victory over main rival the MDC.
“The MDC are contesting with an optimist position that they can actually win. At the campaign launch for the MDC, leader Morgan Tsvangirai was so confident and even though he acknowledged that it’s not going to be easy. The fact that they will not be a part of this election they see it as if the train will leave them and Zanu-PF will get this on a silver platter.” Zambara said
The formation of Zimbabwe’s electoral commission has tried to bring in change but it still needs to address issues in the Global Political Agreement which include media and security reforms.
Sanctions on Zimbabwe since 2003 have played a big part on the country's investment and stifling growth prospects.
Mugabe recently threatened to withdraw Zimbabwe from the Southern African Development Community after the regional bloc pressed Mugabe to hold back his decision to hold elections on 31 July.
"At this stage I think it’s just rhetoric, I think it’s not to the benefit of President Robert Mugabe himself, it’s not of the benefit of the people of Zimbabwe, neither is it good for the whole region. These are the same sentiments that he profiled when Zimbabwe walked out of the commonwealth, but SADC has been his last line of defence against a situation where Zimbabwe has become a pariah state in the world," said Zambara