The report says the rise in fish consumption has also resulted in exponential growth in demand for sea food worldwide
(READ MORE: Progress report to tackle Africa’s agriculture sector)
However the environmental sustainability advocacy group said meeting the demand had not been done in an environmentally sustainable way.
“29 per cent of the World’s fish stocks are over-exploited with 61 per cent being over-exploited with 10 per cent remaining under-utilised,” read part of the report.
“By 2030 global fish consumption will rise from 112 in 2008 to 152 million tonnes which will be increase in demand by 26 per cent.”
South Africa’s fisheries contribute about 0.5 per cent to the country’s gross domestic product especially the hake trawl fishery certified by the Marine Stewardship Council.
According to the World Wide Fund for Nature, fish was also a critical element in human protein requirements.
“People across the World rely on fish for 17 per cent of their protein with South Africa’s marine ecosystem supports thousands of jobs from fishermen to tourism,” said the report.
There are 22 commercial fisheries in South Africa targeting over 200 species whose stock range from underexploited to collapse.
The WWF Nedbank Green Trust project has also been assisting small-scale farmers in the fisheries sector as part of helping curb illegal farming of the specie.
(READ MORE: International guidelines released to combat illegal fishing)
The project has been assisting small-scale fish farmers in Kogelberg coast an area known for rich fish and seafood and also breeding ground for the country’s endangered line fish, abalone and west coast lobster.
“We are trying to encourage the local community to take responsibility for sustainably managing fish stocks within the Kogelberg area by creating positive incentives for local small-scale fisheries that are working towards the project’s long term goals,” said Augustine Morkel, manager at the WWF-Nedbank Green Trust.
“Our work of encouraging communities to take responsibility for managing marine resources effectively and to speak up against ill practices such as overfishing and poaching has been beneficial in ensuring accountability on both ends,” he added.