The report, submitted to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), also provides an update on Namibia’s greenhouse gas emissions as well as financial, technological and capacity building needs and support received.
“Biennial update reports (BURs) are an integral step towards the implementation of the framework for developing countries’ measurement, reporting and verification to enhance the transparency of mitigation actions, their effects and the support received,” said the UN.
“This is clear testimony to the fact that developing countries are acting to mitigate climate change and are transparently contributing to fully implementing the climate change convention. It is also clear testimony to increasing cooperation among nations.”
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Other countries are expected to submit BURs in line with timelines agreed upon at the UN Climate Change Conference in 2011.
The BUR states that although Namibia is classified as an upper middle income country with a GDP per capita of around 7,800 US dollars in 2012, it has one of the most unequal societies in the world with an economy mostly based on natural resource exploitation.
It is also one of the driest and biggest countries in sub-Saharan Africa, characterised by climate variability in the form of persistent droughts, unpredictable rainfall patterns and scarcity of water.
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“Water scarcity is one of the major constraints to development in Namibia. Climate variability will worsen with climate change,” said the report.
Namibia will therefore be embarking on the First Biennial Update Report (FBUR) project to ensure that the country fulfils its obligations to the Convention. The FBUR is set to be submitted to the UNFCCC Secretariat by 2015.
The country will focus on understanding its contribution to greenhouse gas and how to reduce these emissions
“In understanding this, the country will be in a better position to devise and implement appropriate measures to mitigate and adapt to climate change, include accessing finance and appropriate technology transfer in line with the national policy objectives and guiding principles,” continued the report.
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