Tanzania’s current account deficit narrowed 56.6 percent in the year to November, helped by a surge in earnings from tourism and gold exports and a decline in imports, its central bank said on Thursday.
The gap narrowed to $1.95 billion in the 12 months to November from $4.49 billion in the same period in 2015, the Bank of Tanzania said in its latest monthly economic report.
The bank said overall balance of payments swung into a surplus of $246.6 million from a deficit of $95.2 million in the year ending November 2015.
Imports of goods and services fell 15.8 percent to $10.257 billion due to a decline in capital and consumer goods purchases, while total exports rose to $9.426 billion from $8.855 billion previously, the bank said.
Oil, which dominates the goods import bill, went up by 7.8 percent to $3.08 billion due to an increase in demand.
Earnings from tourism, the main foreign exchange source, rose to $2.21 billion from $2.01 billion previously, buoyed by more visitor arrivals.
Gold, the other main source of foreign income, brought in $1.44 billion, up from $1.17 billion previously, reflecting higher export volumes and global prices.
Tanzania, which has a population of around 50 million, is Africa’s fourth-largest gold producer after South Africa, Ghana and Mali.
The value of traditional exports rose by 21.2 percent to $943.3 million, driven by increased output and higher prices of tobacco, cashew nuts, cotton and tea.
Gross official foreign exchange reserves held by the central bank reached $4.25 billion in the year to November, or about four months of import cover.