Burundi's president threatens to fight African peacekeepers, inflation rises


(Reuters) – Burundi’s President Pierre Nkurunziza threatened on Wednesday to fight any African Union peacekeepers imposed on his country, in his most confrontational comments yet on a mounting political crisis.

The African Union said this month it was ready to send 5,000 peacekeepers to protect civilians caught up in months of violence, invoking for the first time powers to intervene in a member state against its will.

“Everyone has to respect Burundi borders,” Nkurunziza said in comments broadcast on state radio.


“In case they violate those principles, they will have attacked the country and every Burundian will stand up and fight against them … The country will have been attacked and it will respond,” he said, in his first public response to the AU plan.

Other government officials have already said any peacekeepers arriving without Burundi’s permission would violate its sovereignty.

More than 220,000 have fled since the crisis erupted in April, triggered by President Nkurunziza’s bid for a third term.

Opposition groups took to the streets saying he was violating constitutional term limits. But he pointed to a court order allowing his campaign and was re-elected in a disputed July vote.

A failed coup, continued clashes and gun attacks in the central African nation have unsettled a region where memories of the 1994 genocide in neighbouring Rwanda are still raw.

Burundi’s inflation

Burundi’s inflation rose to 5.8 percent year-on-year in November from 5.6 percent a month earlier, partly due to higher costs of some food in local markets, official data showed on Wednesday.

Burundi’s economy has been weakened by a political crisis and violence that began in April after President Pierre Nkurunziza ran for a third term in office, which he won in a disputed election in July.

The capital Bujumbura, whose economic activities represent 55 percent of the nation’s output, has been worst hit by the violence, seeing by daily killings.

Food price inflation rose to 7.2 percent in the year to November from 5.4 percent in October, the Institute of Economic Studies and Statistics (ISTEEBU) said in its report.

Burundi’s parliament passed on Monday a budget showing state spending will fall to 1.2 trillion francs ($777 million) in 2016 from 1.5 trillion this year, while expected aid grants will decline 44 percent to 382.2 billion francs. [nL8N1420AD]

The country’s economy is expected to shrink by 7.2 percent this year after growing 4.7 percent in 2014, and should expand by 5.2 percent in 2016, the International Monetary Fund said in October.

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