This is according to the fifth annual review on Security in Africa by London based think-tank, Think Security Africa (TSA).
The report said that in 2014, 10 African governments were competing with non-state groups for territorial control, representing a 50 per cent increase from 2013 figures.
“What has made the problem worse in 2014 is that non-state groups are no longer making demands, they are just going ahead and establishing fiefdoms, indicative of a decline of governmental capacity vis-à-vis non-state actors,” said the report.
It also noted that there was a substantial rise in the number of countries impacted by border and maritime security challenges, indicating that structural problems are regional in scope.
While there has been a decrease in the number of countries experiencing challenges in relation to managing national chains of command and society, the report stated that there was a sharp decline in the overall ability of African governments to maintain territorial integrity.
Adunola Abiola, founder of TSA added, “The key to improving security in Africa, and improving the ability of governments to maintain territorial integrity, is to ensure that improvements in the number of countries impacted by serious chain of command-related challenges are sustained in 2015. However, with elections in several fragile states due to occur this year, this is going to be difficult.”