In the wake of the death of Sudan, the world's last male Northern rhino the role and challenges faced by conservationists in what is turning out to not only be an important but frustrating job of protecting wildlife has been brought to light through film. Following the journey of two young rangers, Kifaru is a movie set out to shed more light on poaching and the need to protect Africa's wildlife. M.D of Ol Pejeta Rangers, Richard Vigne joins CNBC Africa for more.
Africa has put in place various mechanisms to tackle poaching, habitat degradation, illegal resource extraction, among other challenges facing conservation. Ned Horning, Scientist and Director of Biodiversity and Informatics at the American Museum of Natural History believe that technology can hugely boost conservation efforts on the continent if leveraged.
Losses in some countries have been staggering. Tanzania saw a 60 percent decline in its elephant population.
Forest elephants are experiencing the greatest levels of poaching in Africa, with 10 to 18 percent of the population being killed per year.
Tourism contributes 11 percent to Zimbabwe's $14 billion economy with the country's wildlife parks popular with overseas visitors.