In his book, As by Fire – Professor Jonathan Jansen takes us through the unprecedented disruption of universities that caught South Africa by surprise and the language of fire as a means and form of protest in South Africa.


  1. …Which external Nation benefits from the established poverty in Africa? Suspicions are that a practice of suppression,to acquire uninhibited minerals is enriching mainly external Nations,…and the evidence is some what enslavement of persons living in claimed territory.

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